Friday, September 30, 2011

Navy medicine material in the National Museum of Health & Medicine's Archives

As I mentioned earlier, I used to work at the National Museum of Health & Medicine in Washington, so I know there's a lot of Navy medicine material in its Archives. The Museum was under the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, a tri-service command with Navy staffing, so more collections should have material. There's hospital ship material scattered in various places, with somewhat out-of-date finding aid. Here's the most relevant items pulled from the Guide to the Collections.

OHA 87
AFIP Historical Files, 1945-present
100 cubic feet, 155 boxes.
Finding aid available, arranged, active, part restricted.
Records of the AFIP including annual reports, research reports, staff biographical files, publications, and course information. The collection was compiled by the AFIP Medical Illustration Service and transferred to the Archives in 1986. Official AFIP records are deposited in the National Archives.

OHA 89
AFIP Oral History Collection, 1991-1994
3 cubic feet, 2 boxes.
Finding aid available, arranged, inactive, unrestricted.
Oral history interviews conducted by Charles Stuart Kennedy (Georgetown University) with AFIP directors and staff members. Most are recorded on videotape; some on audiotape. Includes transcripts and curriculum vitae. The interviews discuss the subjects' backgrounds, their fields, and the history and staff of the AFIP. People interviewed include Vernon Armbrustmacher, William R. Cowan, Elgin C. Cowart, Charles Davis, Kenneth Earle, Franz M. Enzinger, Richard Froede, Kenton Hartman, Elson B. Helwig, Vincent J. Hyams, Nelson Irey, Kamal G. Ishak, Frank B. Johnson, Lent C. Johnson, Thomas C. Jones, Robert F. Karnei, Jr., Chris Kelly, Donald King, John Madewell, Robert R. McMeekin, Enrique Mendez, Jr., Wayne Meyers, Marc Micozzi, F.K. Mostofi, Florabel Garcia Mullick, Ronald C. Neafie, Bruce H. Smith, Charles Stahl, Robert E. Stowell, Frank Townsend, Sharon Weiss, Hyman J. Zimmerman, and Lorenz E. Zimmerman.

OHA 104
Atomic Bomb Material, 1945-1973
24 cubic feet, 36 boxes.
Finding aid, partially arranged, inactive, restricted.
Material mainly from the AFIP's Atomic Bomb Unit, which stored specimens and photographs from Hiroshima and Nagasaki (much of which was returned to Japan). Includes correspondence, reports, and photographs from the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission, Army-Navy Joint Commission for the Study of the Effects of the Atomic Explosions in Japan, Atomic Energy Commission, Radiation Effects Research Foundation, and the Army Medical College, 1st Army Hospital, Tokyo. Includes paintings by Jeff Day displaying the effect of radiation on the eye, apparently commissioned after World War 2 by Dr. Robert M. Sinskey. Also includes film footage.

OHA 126
Brown Collection, 1921-1922
1 oversize folder.
No finding aid, arranged, inactive, unrestricted.
Items belonging to surgeon Robert Dwight Brown of the U.S. Public Health Service. Includes his membership certificate in the Association of Military Surgeons and three photographs: personnel at the Algiers (Louisiana) Naval Hospital; a Public Health Service float in an Armistice Day parade; and Public Health Service Hospital 25 (Camp Logan) in Houston, Texas.

OHA 145.55
Davis Slide Collection, 1968-1972
.1 cubic feet, 1 box.
No finding aid, arranged, inactive, unrestricted.
Davis supervised the operating room staff at Clark Naval Base in the Philippines during the Vietnam War. 35mm slide photographs are of surgery, and press conferences with a few on patient care.

OHA 171
German Medical Translations, 1938-1945
7 cubic feet, 12 boxes. Finding aid available, arranged, inactive, unrestricted. Translations of German medical material made by the U.S. Navy immediately after World War 2. Includes documents on marrow nailing by Dr. G. Kuntscher, who developed the Kuntscher nailing technique for internal fixation of fractures. Also includes material on special medical consultants‟ conferences, air raid shelter hospitals, plastic surgery, and other topics. Some files include photographs.

OHA 171.05
Geschickter Lantern Slides for Color Atlas of Pathology, 1940s-1960s
11 boxes. No finding aid, unknown if arranged, inactive, unrestricted.
Lantern slides published in the pathology textbook "Color Atlas of Pathology" by Dr. Charles S. Geschickter, one of Washington's leading pathologists. Geschickter worked on the three-volume project while he was in the Navy and stationed at Bethesda. 3 lantern slide cabinets, 3 small cabinets and 8 boxes.

OHA 208
Korean War Ballistic Photographs, 1951-1953
2 cubic feet, 7 boxes.
No finding aid, arranged, inactive, unrestricted, digitized.
Photographs from a joint Army-Navy commission, which included AFIP staff, testing body armor in combat in Korea. The photographs (including x-rays) show patients, wounds, body armor, and experiments with animals.

OHA 233
Medical Ephemera, 20th century
14 cubic feet.
Finding aid available, arranged, active, unrestricted, partially digitized.
Pamphlets, annual reports, posters, membership cards, bumper stickers, form letters, charity appeals, and other ephemera produced by various companies and organizations including the federal government. Also four boxes of U.S. Navy medical newsletters and Army Medical Department supply bulletins. Primarily public health material with information on cancer, AIDS, nutrition, diabetes, heart disease, substance abuse, and American Indian health. Items that have been digitized may be identified and downloaded from via a search for "Otis Historical Archives."

OHA 240
Military Hospitals Material, 1908-1969
2 cubic feet, 3 boxes.
Finding aid available, arranged, active, unrestricted.
Artificial collection of yearbooks, scrapbooks, photo albums, annual reports, and logbooks from the following hospitals: Oak Knoll Naval Hospital (Oakland, California), Great Lakes Naval Hospital, Fleet Hospital 103 (Guam), San Diego U.S. Naval Hospital, Tripler General Hospital, Mayo General Hospital, 141st General Hospital, Third Field Hospital (Saigon); the hospital ship U.S.S. Sanctuary; also naval hospitals in 1948-1949 and World War 2 general hospitals.

OHA 241.05
Minton Collection, 1940s-1990s
.5 cubic foot, 2 boxes.
No finding aid, unarranged, inactive, unrestricted.
Papers of Dr. Sherman Minton, World War 2 Navy doctor and herpetologist. Includes books, reprints, his diploma from Indiana University, a bibliography of his publications, and a portrait. Other items are in Historical Collections.

OHA 248
National Naval Medical Center Autopsies, 1920s-1964
135 cubic feet, 57 boxes.
No finding aid, partially arranged, inactive, restricted.
Autopsy and surgical pathology reports from Bethesda Naval Hospital (now the National Naval Medical Center).

OHA 248.03
National Naval Medical Center Pathology Lantern Slides, 1950s-1960s
60 cubic feet.
Arranged, inactive, unrestricted.
Lantern slides, mostly histology, of pathology. Includes gross brain slides of lobotomies and demonstrations of blood banking.

OHA 250
New Contributed Photographs, 19th century-present
51 cubic feet, 102 boxes.
Finding aid available, arranged, active, unrestricted, digitized.
Artificial collection of medical photographs recently acquired by or located in the Museum and not part of another collection. Includes diverse history of medicine subjects such as the post World War 1 influenza epidemic. Begun by Otis Historical Archives in 1986.

OHA 253
NMHM Audiovisual Collection, 1918-present
300 cubic feet, 98 boxes.
Finding aid available, arranged, active, part restricted.
Medical films, videotapes, filmstrips, and audiotapes donated from a variety of sources. Most are from AFIP's Medical Illustration Service and WRAMC-TV. Some films may be restricted due to copyright. The earliest film in the collection, "Red Cross Work on Mutiles, at Paris, 1918,” shows medical illustrator Anna Coleman Ladd making face masks for the American Red Cross Studio for Portrait Masks for Mutilated Soldiers. A sample of Navy films includes:

-AFIP Annual Lecture: Early and Late Delayed Effects of Radiation on the Central Nervous System, 1964, United States Navy, Bureau of Naval Weapons, 1050', b&w sound 16mm film
-Doctors on the Flight Deck, 1965, US Navy, 1/2" videotape
-Change of Command Ceremony, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. Major General Joe M. Blumberg, MC, USA to Captain Bruce H. Smith, MC, USN, 14 July 1967, 1967, WRAMC TV, 16 mm color sound 16mm film
-Change of Command, Major General Joe M. Blumberg, U.S. Army to Captain Bruce H. Smith, U.S. Navy, 1967, WRAMC TV, 1800', color sound 16mm film
-Endodontics Diagnosis and Case Selection, Part 1, 196?, US Navy, 13:01, 3/4" videotape
-Wings for the Doctor, 1971, US Navy, 1/2" videotape

OHA 254
Norse Journal, 1877-1878
.1 cubic foot, .5 box.
No finding aid, arranged, inactive, unrestricted.
Journal of assistant surgeon Charles J. Norse, U.S. Navy, who served on the U.S.S. Blake. Journal consists of case histories of patients with post mortem reports. Also contains drawings and descriptions of marine organisms dredged up by the ship.

OHA 265
Parker Collection, 1954
.1 cubic foot, .1 box.
No finding aid, arranged, inactive, unrestricted.
Manuscript copy with photographs of "Whole Blood Supply to Korea," by Lt. James H. Parker, U.S. Navy, presented at the 5th Annual Military Medico-Dental Symposium, October 21, 1954.

OHA 272.1
Philadelphia Naval Hospital, c.1960s-1980s
.5 cubic foot, 1.5 boxes.
No finding aid, unarranged, inactive, restricted.
Very approximately 1000 35mm slides of orthopedic cases from Philadelphia Naval Hospital. Some taken during Vietnam War era. Civilian cases included. Also tumor, podiatry, and surgical cases.

OHA 332
Total Eclipse of the Sun Photographs, 1869-1870
.33 cubic foot, 1 box.
No finding aid, arranged, inactive, unrestricted.
Photographs and other records of a joint Army Medical Museum-U.S. Naval Observatory expedition to observe the solar eclipse on August 7, 1869, in Des Moines, Iowa. Edward Curtis, assistant to Museum photographer Joseph J. Woodward, led the Army party. Includes photographs of the eclipse taken through a telescope, a photograph of the telescope, and correspondence and reports, including a published report by Commodore B.F. Sands, superintendent of the Naval Observatory.

OHA 345
U.S. Naval Examining Board Logbooks, 1902-1951
3 cubic feet, 2 boxes.
Finding aid available, arranged, inactive, unrestricted.
Seven logbooks of the Naval Examining Board recording admissions and promotions in the U.S. Navy Dental Corps, Medical Corps, Medical Service Corps, Nurse Corps, and Senior Board of Medical Examiners.

OHA 346
U.S. Navy Medical Department Census, 1945
.25 cubic foot, .5 box.
No finding aid, arranged, inactive, unrestricted.
Census of personnel in the U.S. Navy Medical Department, recorded on typewritten sheets bound in cardboard.

OHA 347
U.S. Navy Registers of Dental Officers, ca. 1917-1919
1.5 cubic feet, 1 box. Finding aid available, arranged, inactive, unrestricted.
Four logbooks recording Navy dental officers, active and reserve, in the World War 1 era.

OHA 347.05
USS Des Moines Dental Collection, 1947-1960
.5 cubic foot, 1 box.
Finding aid, arranged, inactive, unrestricted.
Material from dental office of Navy cruiser USS Des Moines, removed in 1993 by Texas Parks staff, who donated it to OHA. Includes mostly publications: manuals, equipment instructions, Navy regulations, books. Original documents consist of 7 photos. Collection maintained as a unit because of condition of donation; product information also cataloged in OHA 168.

OHA 348
U.S.S. General Harry Taylor Medical Department Log
.2 cubic foot, .1 box.
No finding aid, arranged, inactive, unrestricted.
Logbook of the medical department of the U.S. Navy transport U.S.S. General Harry Taylor during World War 2. Contains daily log entries as well as personnel, passenger, surgery, and sick call lists.

Many Navy artifacts are also in the Historical Collections - here's an example:

HC 57
Clothing, 1840-present
Approximately 470 items.
Primarily consists of uniforms of the U.S. Army Medical Department, many from AFIP staff. Highlights include uniforms worn by James Earle Ash, director of the Army Medical Museum (1929-1931, 1937-1946); William Crawford Gorgas, Surgeon General of the U.S. Army (1914-1918) and medical director of the Panama Canal Project; Norman T. Kirk, Surgeon General of the U.S. Army (1943-1947): Thomas Lawson, Surgeon General of the U.S. Army (1836-1861); George Lord, killed at the Battle of the Little Big Horn in 1876; and Emma Vogel, superintendent of physical therapists during World War 2. A growing collection of uniforms worn by the U.S. Public Health Service is being collected with the assistance of the Service's Office of Public Health History. These include uniforms worn by C. Everett Koop, Surgeon General (1981-1989), and Leonard Scheele, Surgeon General (1948-1956), as well as uniforms worn by the Cadet Nurse Corps founded during the latter part of World War 2. There are also uniforms worn by Reconstruction Aides during World War 1 and U.S. Air Force and Navy uniforms dating from after World War 2, notably the uniform of Vera Zeller, the first U.S. Air Force Director of Nursing. In addition to the uniforms, the collection includes protective clothing developed by the military such as flack vests, body armor, and helmets. A Soviet Army medical officer's uniform during World War 2 and fatigues belonging to a North Vietnamese soldier during the Vietnam War round out the collection of military uniforms. The collection also contains medical clothing, including protective clothing developed in response to the adoption of the Universal Precautions during the 1980s.

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